In recent research of Rahul Aggarwal, he investigated nine alternatives for a potable water production plant in Sweden. The nine alternatives are designed for the year 2050 to meet ...
In recent research of Rahul Aggarwal, he investigated nine alternatives for a potable water production plant in Sweden.
The nine alternatives are designed for the year 2050 to meet the average daily demand of 208 MLD for the 14 municipalities in the northern Stockholm region that Norrvatten supplies with drinking water. Out of the nine alternatives, the alternative based on direct filtration of raw water on nanofiltration membranes came out as the most environmentally friendly solution due to the use of renewable electricity from hydro and wind power.
The results indicate that the potential environmental impacts are dominated by the use of chemicals in all alternatives, which in turn depends on the energy sources used for chemical production that are mostly dominated by fossil-based non-renewable sources.
The impacts due to transportation and energy consumption are relatively less in Swedish drinking water production.
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